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All the Perl that's Practical to Extract and Report

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  • First off, thanks for the nice review, it is good to get feedback from new Moose users. The #moose echo chamber on IRC is obviously not so helpful in this regard.

    The default of ''is => "ro"' is badly chosen ...

    Actually the default is to not create any accessors at all. While it might seem useless, it is a perfectly valid use case, take this example for instance:

    has 'some_flag' => (
        predicate => 'is_some_flag_set'

    This will create a predicate method for checking if the flag is set, but no accessors for it. If there was a default, then you would need to supply a way of overriding the default here. And of course you can also set the reader/writer stuff yourself like:

    has 'thing' => (
        isa    => 'Int',
        reader => 'get_thing',
        writer => '_set_thing',

    Which if there was a default is => 'ro' already would require Moose to know when the default is overridden, etc. So while is does seem like a good idea to default to 'rw' after you have written your 20th (is => 'rw'), it would either reduce the flexibility or add internal complexity.

    Many attributes in a compact layout become visually disturbing. Aligning things here is a must for readability. Apparently Vim has some kind of magic I'm envious of. A very simple split-on-non-string-whitespace-and-render-in-columns would work here.

    If you are using TextMate you might want to look at the Moose Bundle [] it provides a lot of nice automation for writing Moose classes (if you aren't using TextMate you might want to give it a look too, it is an excellent editor). One of these days I will do a screencast for it.

    Bool seems weird and doesn't play well with Perl's idea of true / false.

    Could you elaborate on this please? The Bool type is meant to map to how Perl handles boolean values, so it accepts undef, '', 1 and 0. It differs from Perl in that it wont accept an arbitrary value and treat it as true.

    Roles are nice but the keywod "with MyRole" isn't the same as Perl 6' "does MyRole".

    The reason for this is because we needed to allow for $object->does('Role'), and overloading 'does' seemed like a recipe for disaster. It is the same as why we went with extends 'My::Superclass' and not isa 'My::Superclass'.

    And lastly, the docs, they need some help we know. Contributions are always welcome in that regard and when $work and $real_life slow down enough I am planning to write some more introductory pieces. In the meantime the talks and articles listed on the website [] provide a pretty good (although kinda disorganized) addition to the POD docs.

    - Stevan

    • Regarding "docs". Do you know of a book that may be in the works? It seems to me that Moose is such a good thing for Perl OO that it would be a good thing to have a book out there as well.

    • It differs from Perl in that it wont accept an arbitrary value and treat it as true.

      That was what I was referring to. Maybe if it's advertised as these-are-the-Perl-types kind of type constraint it should actually conform to the Perl true/false idea, and if you want to stricten it up to only support 1/0/undef you use a different one (Bool vs Boolean) ?

      Anyway, it surprised me when using it, that's all.


      • I think perhaps you are mistaking a "value" for the "value of an expression". When Perl sees

        if (@foo) { ... }

        it evaluates @foo as an expression, and in that context it returns true. If I were to invent a "boolean" built in similar to the "scalar" built in, which forced "boolean context", then the above code would desugar into

        if (boolean(@foo)) { ... }

        Just as

        my $foo = @foo;

        desugars into

        my $foo = scalar @foo;

        Now in the context of Moose, when you assign a value to an accessor it does not impose the "b