"Smart quotes" is the name of the feature in MSWord (and, equally annoyingly, other word processors) that turns the straight-up-and-down ' and " into little 6 66 and 99 9. That's fine for normal English prose, but it's often bad and wrong when you're dealing with Perl code, where $x = '123' is NOT $x = `123'. Here's how to turn that feature off in MSWord 2000:
To turn off automatic smart quotes altogether:
Uncheck these boxes:
Tools : Autocorrect : Autoformat as you type : Smart quotes...
Tools : Autocorrect : Autoformat : Smart quotes...
To just make there be a way to type ' and " without them getting made into their "smart" versions:
Tools : Macro : Record New Macro
then type "apostrophe" and hit Keyboard,
then type alt-' and hit Assign then Close, and then it'll bring up a macro-recording window. Just type a ' and press the Stop Recording button on the macro bar (it'll look like a square).
Then do the same for "quote" and shift-alt-'
Then if you go back and edit the macros, they should look like this:
For extra slack, assign « and » to alt-< and alt-> !