«This is something that nationalists fail to understand, she says. "It is always us versus them, this or that. Nationalists cannot understand that one can be multilingual, multicultural, cosmopolitan
... without feeling obliged to make a choice between them once and for all."[...]
"On the one hand there are the ones who want Turkey to join the EU, democratise further and become an open society," says Shafak, but on the other "are the ones who want to keep Turkey as an insular, xenophobic, nationalistic, enclosed society. And precisely because things are changing in the opposite direction, the panic and backlash produced by the latter group is becoming more visible and audible."»
--"In Istanbul, a writer awaits her day in court:" Bestselling novelist Elif Shafak is the latest writer to face trial for "insulting Turkishness".
In English at least, there are two very different ways to parse the noun phrase "insulting Turkishness".