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JonathanWorthington (6049)

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Tuesday April 28, 2009
07:20 PM

Rakudo Day: constants, and other bits

[ #38888 ]
constant Pi = 3.14;
say Pi; # 3.14
Pi = 42; # error

If your Rakudo is built with ICU, you can use unicode characters for the name too. :-) Also, you can use a name with a sigil:

constant $pi = 3.14;
say $pi; # 3.14
$pi = 42; # error

And even use the constant as a type constraint...

constant answer = 42;
my answer $x = 42; # ok
$x = 43; # dies

masak asked if we could possibly report the provided and expect types when reporting type-check failures, to give better feedback. I implemented this, and also managed to simplify and fix another bug inside the signature binder along the way, which had meant the following would not work:

sub foo(@a) { say @a.elems }

This will now auto-thread and call foo twice, the first time outputting 2 and the second time 3.

I also fixed a couple of other little bugs in Rakudo.

  • You could not write things like module Foo { if 1 { say 42 } } (basically, anything involving an inner non-routine block placed directly inside a package). This is now fixed.
  • Subtypes based upon user-defined classes and roles didn't always work. I fixed this up and added tests.
  • We did a poor job of reporting typed arrays and hashes hashes when doing .perl on a Signature (which is what the multi-dispatcher does on ambiguity reports). I did some work to improve the output here.

Finally, Tene has been working for a while on getting Rakudo to live in its own HLL namespace in Parrot, which will enable us to clear up a few other things and no doubt resolve a few tickets (it'll stop us colliding with Parrot internal bits for one). There was some debugging work to do, so I spent a couple of hours on this, and got us a lot further than we were. Still much to do, but we'll get there.

Thanks to for sponsoring this Rakudo Day.

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